Sample topic: Is patient education effective in reducing COPD among smokers?
Identify the concepts in your topic:
Use a dictionary, thesaurus, textbook, database or CINAHL Headings to find alternative search terms:
Truncation is used to find variations of a word ending. Truncating a word will usually EXPAND your search
Example: Remove the ending of the word children, replace with * (or ? in library catalogue), child*
Searches for child, children, childish, child's, etc.
Wildcards allow you to find variations within a word.
Example: Organi?ation will find organization and organisation (or % in the library catalogue)
NOTE: Different databases use different symbols! Check the Help area to learn the symbols for that database.
Proximity operators allow you to locate one word within a certain distance of another.
Example: Canada w3 economy. Searches for results in which the word Canada appears within 3 words of economy
|Limiters / Filters||
Use the limiters on the sidebar of results pages
Example: Date, language, resource type, etc.
Phrase searching: Add " " around words to search an exact phrase.
Works in databases and Google!
Search for terms in a specific field, such as title, author, or subject
Example: "Global hunger"[ti]
|Subject Headings||Construct a search using only subject headings, or a combination of SH and keywords.|
|Scan Results||Use subject headings, keywords, and phrases found in existing results.|
|Research the Author||Find an interesting author? Search for more articles or look for their web site|
|Agency or Association?||Notice an agency, association or expert mentioned in an article? Follow up.|
|Reuse References/Citations||Find a relevant source? Examine the bibliography, reference list, citations and footnotes for sources used by the author. Use OCtopus or the e-journal finder to find the same articles.|
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