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Practical Nursing: Writing + Citing (APA Style)

This guide will help students with Practical Nursing research in the OC Library collection and on the Internet.

APA Citation

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.

Consult the print version of the APA style manual in your campus library's Reference Collection for more in-depth information:
BF 76.7 .P83 2009

Other Online APA Sources


OC Library's APA Citation Style Interactive Libguide & APA Citation Style Guide & Handout

APA Style Home Page

Learning APA Style from APA (includes FAQs and a Free Tutorial on the Basics of APA Style)

APA Citation Guide & Many Examples - High Point University Libraries
APA Style Guide from Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL)
Sample Papers formatted in APA Style

APA Tutorials (online)

  • APA Tutorial: Test Your Knowledge - Interactive APA Tutorial from the University of Southern Mississippi 
  • APA Tutorials - From the American Psychological Association. Information and tutorials for beginners to those wanting to see what has recently been updated.

The APA manual is the official style guides published by the American Psychological Association. Copies of the manual are available in the Library and the Bookstore. APA is the reference system for psychology, business, and health disciplines.

In-text Citation (Generic Example)

Reference List Citation (Generic Example)

(Author(s), date) Surname, first initial. (date). Title. Source Title. Publication specific details.

Have you seen the online APA Citation tutorial?

OC Library APA Style Guide

APA Guide to Electronic References

  • Short guide to APA citation
  • Common examples & basic citation rules
  • Follows 2009 APA Publication Manual, 6th ed., 2nd printing
PDF version
  • Guide to citing electronic resources in APA. 
  • Available for personal use, not to be distributed.
PDF version

APA uses an author-date citation format (ie. Smith, 2010)

Regardless of the resource you are citing, you will likely need an author, date, title, source, and specific format information (such as a volume number, page numbers, a URL, publisher, etc.).

The information required for your citation will depend on what you are citing (book, journal article, report, etc.) and the format (print, online).



See the OC Calendar 'General academic regulations and policies' on plagiarism.   "Plagiarism is the presentation of another person's work or ideas without proper or complete acknowledgement"    (Okanagan College [OC], 2013, Calendar).

Examples of plagiarisim:

  • Copying phrases, sentences, pictures, statistics, graphs, videos or other information without citing the source
  • Failing to use quotation marks to indicate copied information
  • Summarizing or paraphrasing ideas or information without citing the original source
  • Listing a source on the References page but failing to refer to the publication within the body of the assignment.

"Students are responsible for learning and applying the proper scholarly practices for acknowledging the work and ideas of others". (OC, 2013, Calendar): This student responsibility applies in all formats (print, online and others).

Use the Avoid Plagiarism Tutorial to test yourself and find out more about plagiarism.

Citation Management

Found a great research article and want to ensure you don't lose the citation? A citation manager allows you to manage your research articles, and organize your citations for future use. Explore some of these free online resources and see if one will work for you.

TIP: Citation managers are not perfect and can make mistakes. ALWAYS double check the citations created by managers against the appropriate style guide.

Writing a scholarly PN paper

Click to open these documents:

Specific APA Citation Examples for Nursing


Elsevier Clinical Skills (previously Mosby's)

Bathing: Bed bath (pediatric). (2016, January). In Elsevier clinical skills. Retrieved from

Urinary catheter: Indwelling (Foley) catheter care. (2015, January). In Elsevier clinical skills. Retrieved from


(Bathing, 2016)

(Urinary catheter, 2015)



Gleevec. (2016, February 11). In RxTx. Retrieved from

Lamictal. (2015, March 23). In RxTx. Retrieved from


(Gleevec, 2016)

(Lamictal, 2015)




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