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CMNS 113 Technical Communication for Information Technology

Peer Review

Peer review (also known as refereeing) is the heart of the scholarly communications process.

Peer review is performed as a part of the publishing process. Before an authors manuscript is accepted for publication it has to go through a rigorous review performed by recognized experts (peers) in the field.


Click on the image below to learn more about the peer review process:



Characteristics of Scholarly Communications

Authority : Is the information authored by experts with credentials and / or scholarly or professional affiliations? Look for author information such as advanced degrees and university affiliation, past and current positions in industry, government, etc.

Publication : How is the information published? A magazine is slick and glossy with many advertisements. Magazine articles are just a few pages. Typically the article lacks citation information, little or no author information is provided. Peer-reviewed journals are not slick and they have few advertisements. The articles tend to be long with tables, graphs, and data and all sources used in preparing the article are fully cited. The article will have several sections such as literature review, methodology, results and conclusions. Does the article have a bibliography, end notes or footnotes? Almost all scholarly publications (e.g. books and articles) will have citations. Is there an editorial board and instructions on how to submit articles? 

Source : Is the information from peer-reviewed journals, books, theses/dissertations, statistical information and data sets, etc.?

Scholarly Communications

There is no single definition of the term scholarly communication. It includes research articles, letters, memos, conference proceedings, technical reports, monographs (books), edited books, and so on. 


The primary form of scholarly communication you should consider using is journals; these provide the most up-to-date, advanced, and peer-reviewed information.


Key Elements of Scholarly Article

1. Article Title

2. Author Information

3. Abstract

4. Keywords and Indexing Information

5. Literature Review

6. Description of the research methodology used

7. Findings

8. Discussion & Conclusion

9. Additional Research Required

10. Reference & Bibliography 

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