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BSN Year One & Two Nursing

Literature Review: A survey of information found in scholarly articles, books, and other literature related to an area of study.

Describes, summarizes, evaluates and clarifies prior research.
Not only summarizes other research, also examines the relationship.
Determines what has already been investigated, identifies potential relationships, defines key concepts, and relates to research already completed.
Considers different disciplines topic may cover.

 

Type of Reference Pros Cons Examples Evidence-based?
Websites

Easy to find

Can be very current

Quality variable MedlinePlus Child Development  

Vaccine/Autism
May lead to evidence-based sources of information in traditional literature it the references.
Expert Opinion
Textbooks

Quick and easy to use

Provides summaries

Can be expensive

Can be slow to update

The Lippincott Manual of
Nursing Practice


 
May summarize evidence and lead to evidence-based sources of information in the references.
Expert Opinion
       
Journal Articles        
Reviews (Narrative) Provide summaries of what is known on specific topics Methodology used in compiling the summaries may not be scientific or systematic

Headaches in children. 

May lead to evidence-based sources of information in the references.
Expert Opinion

Systematic Reviews

Provide systematically derived summaries of research studies on specific topics

Addresses a single research question

Requires some research to already have been done on the research question

Factors influencing completion of multi-dose vaccine schedules in adolescents: a systematic review.

 

 

 

Evidence-based, secondary research

References individual research articles

Meta-analyses

Provide systematically derived summaries of research studies on specific topics and applies statistical methods of analyses Requires considerable amounts of research to have already been done on the specific research question Prevalence of, and risk factors for, chronic idiopathic constipation in the community: systematic review and meta-analysis 

 

Evidence-based
Leads to individual research articles

Research Reports/Articles

Describes original research studies and reports on results Can be time-consuming to read, interpret, and translate into clinical practice Double-blind, placebo-controlled antibiotic treatment study of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in children with chronic abdominal pain

 

Evidence-based
research 

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