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MLA Citation Style

Formatting the Works Cited

  • Double-space and format entries with a hanging indent. In Microsoft Word: Select text, right click, select paragraph, and then change the Special drop down menu to hanging. 
  • Alphabetize entries by the author's last name or, if there is no author, by the title ignoring initial A, An or The​ or the equivalent in another language. 
  • Reverse the author's name for alphabetizing but otherwise give the author's name as it appears in the source.
  • Italicize titles of larger sources (or containers) like books or journals.
  • Use quotation marks around titles of sources like essays or articles which are within larger sources (or containers).
  • Capitalize the first, the last, and all significant words of a title and subtitle. Capitalize subordinating conjunctions, for example: After, Although, As If, As Soon As, Because, Before, If, That, Unless, Until, When, Where, While. 
  • Do not capitalize coordinating conjunctions when they are in the middle of a title, for example: against, as, between, in, of, to.

For more details of what to capitalize in titles see MLA Handbook section 1.2.1 (67-68).

Formatting the research paper and annotated bibliography

MLA Style Center: Formatting Papers 

MLA Style Center: Sample Papers

Purdue OWL: MLA Formatting and Style Guide has an example of an MLA sample paper.

MLA Style Center: Annotated Bibliography

Follow your professor's specific instructions as given.

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