Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed.
Consult the print version of the APA style manual in your campus library's Reference Collection for more in-depth information:
BF 76.7 .P83 2020
OC Library's APA Citation Style Resources
APA Style Examples from APA - Comprehensive list of online examples from APA
APA Style Guide from Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL)
The APA manual is the official style guides published by the American Psychological Association. Copies of the manual are available in the Library and the Bookstore. APA is the reference system for psychology, business, and health disciplines.
In-text Citation (Generic Example)
Reference List Citation (Generic Example)
|(Author(s), date)||Surname, first initial. (date). Title. Source Title. Publication specific details.|
Have you seen the online APA Citation tutorial?
OC Library APA Style Guide
APA uses an author-date citation format (ie. Smith, 2010)
Regardless of the resource you are citing, you will likely need an author, date, title, source, and specific format information (such as a volume number, page numbers, a URL, publisher, etc.).
The information required for your citation will depend on what you are citing (book, journal article, report, etc.) and the format (print, online).
What is a DOI and when do I need one? This APA flowchart walks you through the steps of finding a DOI, and when to use the journal or publisher home page URL instead. CrossRef offers a DOI look-up tool. Copy and paste portions of your citation and it will find the DOI if available.
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See the APA Manual (7h ed.) Section 9.51, page 307, for more information
An annotated bibliography is a student paper where reference list entries are followed by short descriptions of the work, called annotations.
Workplace Stress: Annotated Bibliography
Barber, L. K., Grawitch, M. J., & Maloney, P. W. (2016). Work-life balance: Contemporary perspectives. In M. J. Grawitch & D. W. Ballard (Eds.), The psychological healthy workplace: Building a win-win environment for organizations and employees (pp. 111-133). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/14731-006
This book chapter provides an overview of the psychosociological concept of work-life balance. The authors discuss findings from studies showing harmful effects of work-life conflict on psychological and behavioral health as well as beneficial effects of work-life facilitation, wherein one role makes a positive contribution to the other. The chapter concludes with a description of work-life balance initiatives that organizations have adopted to help employees manage their dual work and nonwork obligations and some of the key factors influencing their effectiveness.
Carlson, D. S., Thompson, M. J., & Kacmar, K. M. (2019). Double crossed: The spillover and crossover effects of work demands on work outcomes through the family. Journal of Applied Psychology, 104(2), 214-228. https://doi.org/10.1037.apl0000348
Carlson et al. (2019) conducted an empirical study to examine the multiple paths through which work and family variables can affect work outcomes. Whereas Barber et al. (2016) explored how work obligations can increase stress or enhance fulfillment at home, Carlson et al. viewed work demands as raising family stress, with potential negative consequences on work performance. Results supported a model in which direct effects of work demands and spillover effects of work demands to work-to-family conflict led to lower job satisfaction and affective commitment, as well as crossover effects of work-to-family conflict, spousal stress transmission, and later family-to-work conflict on organizational citizen ship and absenteeism. Overall, the study demonstrated a link from work demands to work outcomes when considering the family, but those paths differed depending on whether attitudinal or behavioral work outcomes were examined.
Please note that 2nd line of APA reference needs to be hanging. Due to formatting issues, we aren't able to display it. But you can see what hanging references look like in our APA guide.
Bathing: Bed bath (pediatric). (2020, January). In Elsevier clinical skills. https://www.elsevier.com/solutions/clinical-skills
Canadian Pharmacists Association. (2016, February 19). Atacand. CPS Full Access. https://www.myrxtx.ca
Drug monograph from CPS Full Access (RxTx) mobile app
Canadian Pharmacists Association. (2016, February 19). Atacand. In CPS Full Access (Version 220.127.116.11) [Mobile app]. Google Play Store. https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=vspringboard.cpha.activity&hl=en_CA
In Text, first citation
(Canadian Pharmacists Association [CPhA], 2016)
In Text, subsequent citations
Van, Bewer, V., Woodgate, R. L., Martin, D., & Deer, F. (2020). The importance and promise of integrating Indigenous knowledges in nursing education. Witness: The Canadian Journal of Critical Nursing Discourse, 2 (1), 11-23. https://doi.org/10.25071/2291-5796.46
British Columbia College of Nursing Professionals. (2020, Janurary). Professional standards for Licensed Pratical Nurses. https://www.bccnp.ca/Standards/LPN/StandardsResources/LPN_ProfessionalStandards.pdf
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