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CMNS 123 - Analysis & Reporting for Information Technology

Secondary Sources

Secondary sources provide you with the capacity bring additional information that helps to clarify and add-value to information provided by a primary source.

Secondary source includes:

  • Review articles or analysis of research studies about a subject (may include articled from peer-reviewed publications);
  • Indexes, encyclopedia entries, bibliographies, biographies, reviews, or critiques of an author work or specific subject area; and
  • Analysis and commentary of events based on primary documents or archival material that is published in the form of a book, textbooks, scholarly articles published in peer-reviewed publications, dictionaries, encyclopedias handbooks, manuals, guidebooks, directories and almanacks.
  • Material found in the popular/mass media.
  • Public information (e.g. government publications, research reports, institutional repositories, etc.) 


  If you are researching a subject that you do not know too much about, doing background reading in a secondary source can introduce you to some of the key primary sources that are relevant to the subject area.

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