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APA Citation Examples

APA Citation Examples

Web Page on a website

References: Author. (date). Title. Retrieved from URL

National Geographic Society. (n.d.). Flying fish. Retrieved August 5, 2015 from

In-text: (Author, year)

(National Geographic Society, n.d.)

Image taken from a website

Example: June's multi-colored eyes

In text: Figure #. Image title or description (Author, Year).

Figure 1. June's multi-colored eyes (Kissel, 2006).


Artist Surname, First Initial. (Year). Title of the artwork [Format]. Retrieved from URL (address of web site)

Kissel, K. (2006). June's multi-colored eyes [Image]. Retrieved from

No author: 

Title of work [Type of work]. (Year image was created). Retrieved from URL (address of web site)

Japanese Geisha [Photograph]. (2006). Retrieved from

No author, no title, and no date:

 [Subject and type of work]. Retrieved from URL (address of web site)

Many images found on the Web fall under this category. Try to locate the missing information by clicking on the image, and/or looking at the bottom of the image.


Producer, P. P. (Producer), & Director, D. D. (Director). (Year of release). Title of film in sentence case and italics [Format]. Retrieved from

In-text: Cite last name of producer(s) and/or director(s) and year in brackets

Retrieved from Netflix

Finerman, W. (Producer), & Frankel, D. (Director). (2006). The devil wears Prada [Video file]. Retrieved from

In-text: (Finerman & Frankel, 2006)

Retrieved from Library Database - Kanopy,

Lester, R. (Director). (1964). A hard day’s night [Video file]. Retrieved from

In-text: (Lester, 1964)

Retrieved from YouTube

Patel, A. (2008, January 22). Music and the mind [Video file]. Retrieved from

In-text: (Patel2008)


Moran, P. (Writer), Birchard, I. (Producer), & Perrier, C. (Producer). (2019, March 15). Ignoring climate change is like 'putting off homework,' says teen in School Strike for Climate [Audio podcast].
    Retrieved from

In-text: (Moran, Birchard, & Perrier, 2019).

Personal Communication/Interview

Citing personal communications (letters, phone calls, interviews, e-mail messages, etc.) in text:

  • L. Coates (personal communication, December 16, 2008) stated that...
  • According to the department chair (L. Coates, personal communication, December 16, 2008)...

Do not include personal communications in the reference list. Cite them in text only. 

Magazine, newspaper, encyclopedia article

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of article: Subtitle of articleTitle of Magazine or Newspaper, volume(issue), page numbers. Retrieved from http://...

Magazine article 

Wells, P. (2016, August 2). The first 100 days. Maclean's, 129(5), 21-23. Retrieved from

In-text: (Wells, 2016, p.22)

Encyclopedia article 

Author, A. (Year). Title of article. In Title of encyclopedia. OR Retrieved from http://...

Cohen, T. R. (2010). Conflict resolution. In Corsini encyclopedia of psychology.

In-text: (Cohen, 2010)

Free to Use Images

A Creative Commons (CC) license allows for the distribution of an otherwise copyrighted work. Use these websites to find free to use images for your assignment. 


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