Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

GEOG 207 - Introduction to Biogeography - The Scholarly Communication Process

What is Scholarly Communications?

The ACRL (Association of College & Research Libraries defined Scholarly Communication as the "system through which research and other scholarly writings are created, evaluated for quality, disseminated to the scholarly community, and preserved for future use.”

Put more simply, scholarly communications is the process by which college and university faculty, research scientist, and industry researchers help to update, grow and share knowledge within their professional community, and ultimately with society.  

Scholarly communication is composed of formal elements (e.g. journal articles, books) and informal (conference presentations, pre-prints, as well as data, software and other digital objects).

The scholarly communication supply chain has historically been composed of two main groups: 

(1) academics in the role of as authors and readers, and

(2) their funders and host institutions

  • colleges and universities, 
  • professional associations and societies,
  • publishers and resellers (i.e., Ebsco, Proquest) responsible for managing quality control, production and distribution of content, and
  • librarians responsible for the acquisition and licensing of content and providing access to this body of knowledge and ensuring its long-term preservation.

The primary method of scholars disseminating knowledge is through the authoring of articles in peer reviewed journals.  This system has been in place for 356 years when Philosophical Transactions was first published in 1665 by the Royal Society under the guidance of Henry Oldenburg, the society's first secretary, who also served as publisher and editor. 

There is historic evidence that scholars were producing forms of communication through which to disseminate their research and ideas as early as 1500. One of the primary forms of such activities was through the use of letters.  That is why to this very day, certain scholarly journal titles include the word Letters in their title.  For example, Ecology Letters.  

This site is maintained by the librarians of Okanagan College Library.
If you wish to comment on an individual page, please contact that page's author.
If you have a question or comment about Okanagan College Library's LibGuides site as a whole, please contact the site administrator.