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Sustainable Building Technology

Citations and Plagiarism

In western culture, our words and ideas are considered intellectual property and cannot be used by others without permission. You commit plagiarism when you use another person's words or ideas without crediting them, which is a serious academic offense that could get you dismissed from school. The best way to avoid plagiarism is to cite your sources and cite them properly. Click on the links below to learn more about citations.


What is a Citation? 

Why Cite? 

What to Cite? 

How to Cite? 


Click the links below or the expanded menu to learn more about plagiarism or a specific citation style.

Tables and Figures

Any image, chart, map, drawing, picture, etc., other than a table, is referred to as a "figure" by APA (APA, 2020 p. 225).

Basic components of a figure are: a number, title, the image, a legend (if needed), and a note (this is where you cite the figure if reproduced/adapted from another source) (APA, 2020, p.226-229).

The table or figure number and title are located above the figure. See examples on APA Style.

Note template:

Note. Explanation about table or figure. From Title of Work, by author, date, publication information if applicable (http://...). Date of Copyright by Copyright Holder.

APA figure example

Tables and figures can be placed on separate pages after the reference list or in the text after the first time the figure is mentioned (APA, 2020, p. 198). Follow your instructor's assignment guidelines for where to place tables and figures.

See 7.6 Placement of Tables and Figures, and 7.7 Reprinting or Adapting Tables and Figures (APA, 2020, p. 198-199).

Tables and figures must be mentioned in the text and have a full entry for the work from which it is adapted or reprinted, in the reference list (APA, 2020, p. 197-198). Indicate if the table or figure is adapted, with Adapted from before the citation (APA, 2020, p. 218).

From multiple sources:

You will need to cite all the sources where you got the information.


Note. Graph of sales of apparel and footwear in Canada and the United States by retail value 2011-2014. Data for US from Euromonitor (2014), and for Canada from Statistics Canada (2013).

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