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APA Citation (7th edition)

Where to cite

Every time you use someone else's ideas or words, cite both in-text and in the references list. This helps to avoid plagiarism - for more information, see the Okanagan College Avoiding Plagiarism Tutorial.

In-text citations give credit to the original source and point your reader to the complete reference at the end of your paper.

References at the end of the paper help the reader find the source.

Remember to cite:

  • Direct quotes
  • Paraphrases - others' ideas that you state in your own words
  • Reprinted or adapted tables and figures*
  • Theories
  • Ideas
  • Data and data sets (APA, 2020, p. 255)

*Figures include charts, maps, graphs, photographs, drawings or illustrations.


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