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IEEE Citation Style

In-Text Citations

Bracketed In-Text Citation Placement

In-text citations appear sequentially, beginning with [1], within the body of the text. 

Where in the Sentence Does My Bracketed In-Text Citation Go?

If you name your source(s) in a given sentence, a bracketed citation follows immediately after mentioning the source. For example, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau stated in Parliament that his government supports investment in Artificial Intelligence [1].

Bracketed In-Text Citations can also be treated as source names themselves. For example, The statement was supported by [2], [3], and [4].

If the sentence ends with a quotation, "end the quote, then place the citation between the bracketed citation marks and the punctuation, like this" [6].


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