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History 220-011 History of Space Exploration

This LibGuide is designed to assist students enrolled in HIST 220 in completing their research for their course assignments.


I respectfully acknowledge that the campuses of Okanagan College are located on the traditional and unceded territory of the Syilx, Secwépemc, and Sinixt peoples.

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Gilbert Bede, MLIS

Okanagan College Library Services

Room L101E

1000 KLO Road

Kelowna, BC, V1Y 4X8


Work Telephone: 250-762-5445 ext. 4751

Book an online research appointment.


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Where do old Satellites Go To Die?

Point Nemo (Latin for "no one") is located at 48°52.6′ south latitude 123°23.6′ west longitude in the Pacific Ocean.

The nearest land to Point Nemo is 2,700 km away. 

The closest humans to Point Nemo are the astronauts in the International Space Stations, who fly by 400 km overhead.

The Pacific Ocean, where Point Nemo is located, is 4,000 meters deep. 

It is sometimes referred to as the spacecraft cemetery.  


It takes a lot of energy to reach Space. On July 16, 1969, Apollo 11 had to reach 39,429 km per hour to reach its escape velocity to travel to the Moon.

Likewise, it takes a lot of energy for satellites to achieve their orbits. Eventually, most return to Earth (a lot worse for wear). Keeping each satellite in a stable orbit also takes much effort.   


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