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MLA Citation Style

You may have to look at more than one example to decide how to cite a journal article. Articles may have multiple authors, and may or may not have issues, page numbers, or DOIs. If you are including a URL, use the permalink or stable link if available.

The 8th ed. of the MLA Handbook does not require a date of access—the date on which you consulted a work—when you cite an online work from a reliable, stable source. However, you may include an access date as an optional element if it will be useful to others. (See the MLA Handbook, eighth edition, pp. 50–53, for more on optional elements.)

Journal article - one author, with DOI

Thacker, Robert. "'Evocative and Luminous Phrases': Reading Alice Munro's Hateship, Friendship, Courtship, Loveship, Marriage." American Review of Canadian Studies, vol. 45, no. 2, 2015, pp. 187-95. Academic Search Complete, doi:10.1080/02722011.2015.1039339.

OR

Thacker, Robert. "'Evocative and Luminous Phrases': Reading Alice Munro's Hateship, Friendship, Courtship, Loveship, Marriage." American Review of Canadian Studies, vol. 45, no. 2, 2015, pp. 187-95. Academic Search Complete, doi:10.1080/02722011.2015.1039339. Accessed 20 Sept. 2019.

In-text: (Thacker 189).

Note: "Italicize a title normally indicated by italics when it appears within a title enclosed in quotation marks" (MLA 71).

Journal article - ONE author, no DOI, no volume

Balzer, Geraldine."'Bring[ing] Them Back from the Inside Out': Coming Home through Story in Richard Wagamese's Keeper 'n Me." Essays on Canadian Writing, no. 83, 2004, pp. 222-39. Academic Search Complete, ezproxy.okanagan.bc.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=22839483&site=eds-live&scope=site.

In-text: (Balzer 222).

Note: "When a title normally indicated by quotation marks appears within another title requiring quotation marks, enclose the inner title in single quotation marks (MLA ‚Äč71).

Journal article - TWO authors, with DOI. 

Elias, Nelly, and Idit Sulkin. “Screen-Assisted Parenting: The Relationship Between Toddlers’ Screen Time and Parents’ Use of Media as a Parenting Tool.” Journal of Family Issues, vol. 40, no. 18, Dec. 2019, pp. 2801–22. CINAHL Complete, doi:10.1177/0192513X19864983.

In-text: (Elias and Sulkin 2802).

Journal article - MORE THAN TWO authors, no DOI.

Lee, Eun-Young, et al. “Television Viewing, Reading, Physical Activity and Brain Development among Young South Korean Children.” Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol. 20, no. 7, July 2017, pp. 672–77. ScienceDirect, ezproxy.okanagan.bc.ca/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edselp&AN=S1440244017302487&site=eds-live&scope=site.

In-text: (Lee et al. 2017).

Journal article - paragraph numbers, available on the web

Janes, Daniela. "Truth and History: Representing the Aura in The Englishman's Boy." Studies in Canadian Literature/Études en Litteratures Canadienne, vol. 27, no. 1, 2002, pars. 1-24,  journals.lib.unb.ca/index.php/scl/article/view/12808/13805.

In-text: (Janes, par. 3).

Note: See MLA Handbook (86), place comma after author's name when followed by par.

Journal article - no pagination or paragraph numbers, available on the web

Coad, David. "Hymens, Lips and Masks: The Veil in Margaret Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale."  Contemporary Literary Criticism, edited by Jeffrey W. Hunter, vol. 246, Gale, 2008. Literature Resource Center, ezproxy.okanagan.bc.ca/login?url=http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=LitRC&sw=w&u=kelo91364&v=2.1&id=GALE%7CH1100079705&it=r&asid=5da6b0a2772d4d319078a5a9020324a1.

In-text: (Coad).

Note: "When a source has no page numbers or any other kind of part number, no number should be given in a parenthetical citation. Do not count unnumbered paragraphs or other parts" (MLA 56).

Finding the Database Which Contains the Full-Text Article 

When using Okanagan College Library OCtopus, look in the detailed record (information about the article) to find the database name.

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