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GEOG 207 - Introduction to Biogeography

Hic Sunt Dracones Latin for 'Here are Dragons'

A phrase used by medieval cartographers when denoting unknown territories on maps as a warning to mariners. 

Today, people navigating the vast quantities of information on the Internet would also be advised to heed a similar warning.

One of the best skills that you can develop is the ability to assess the credibility of information that you discover on the Internet.  



Misinformation is false or inaccurate information—getting the facts wrong.


Disinformation is false information which is deliberately intended to mislead—intentionally misstating the facts.


Denialism describes a refusal of certain persons to change their view of a situation even when confronted by overwhelming evidence to the contrary.  Classic examples are:

Indian Residential Residential Schools in Canada (Royal Society of Canada). 

ExxonMobil's own scientist provided the smoking gun for Climate Change (Science).

Dr. Andrew Wakefield and the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine controversy which ultimately led to Dr. Andrew Wakefield losing his license to practice medicine in the United Kingdom.

In 2017, the RAP performer B.o.B (real name Bobby Ray Simmons Jr) started a crowd-funding campaign to launch a satellite into orbit in order to “find the curve” – the term that “flat-earthers” use to describe the edge of our supposed disc-shaped planet.  Most people may mock the notion of a flat Earth, but the idea is gaining traction, particularly among people susceptible to other conspiracy theories. Some concerned physicists are now starting to provide better information to help educate people regarding the weaknesses of the flat-earth theory.  



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