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Health Care Assistant (HCA) - Kelowna - 2024

This LibGuide is designed to introduce HCA students to the OC Library resources and services.

Urinary Tract Infections

A Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) typically occurs when bacteria enters the urethra from the patients skin and travel to the bladder causing a bladder infection. Once established in the bladder the bacteria then can travel to the kidneys. The bacteria that most often cause UTIs sit on the skin in the genital area and are called Escherichia coli (E. coli).

Prevalence of UTIs in BC primary care facilities:

  • Premenopausal women – up to 5%

  • Postmenopausal women – up to 10%

  • Elderly (> 70 years) in the community – up to 16% in women, and up to 7% in men

  • Elderly in long-term care (LTC) facilities – up to 50% in women and up to 40% in men

  • Indwelling catheter – 100% after 1 month from insertion

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