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Health Care Assistant (HCA) - Kelowna - 2024

This LibGuide is designed to introduce HCA students to the OC Library resources and services.


The Canadian Continence Foundation estimated that 3.3 million Canadians — 10% of the population — experience some form of urinary incontinence. 

There are two types of incontinence alternate keyword term continence.

  1. Urinary incontinence — is when a patient looses bladder control. It occurs more often as people get older, urinary incontinence is not an inevitable consequence of aging. Man can develop urinary incontinence after treatment prostrate issues, especially prostrate cancer. 

  • Stress incontinence

  • Urge incontinence

  • Overflow incontinence

  • Functional incontinence

  • Mixed incontinence 

  • Overactive bladder

  1. Fecal incontinence — is when a patient is not being able to hold feces, or stool, until you get to a toilet. Fecal incontinence can be caused by diarrhea, damaged muscles or nerves within your rectum, large hemorrhoids, constipation, or chronic illnesses. Treatment is determine based on its cause. It is estimated to effect 1 in 12 people. Although not a normal part of aging, patients are more likely to have it as they age. Women are also at a higher risk for developing this condition than men.  

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