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GEOG 311-3-3 Environmental Management

This course guide is designed to assist students in understanding the complex issues involved in environmental management specifically climatic change and how the adoption of new policies and technologies can help to mitigate this crisis situation.

Did You Know?

The first place in Canada that the Glacial Recession was studied was in the Glacier National Park, Illecillewaet Glacier, located  60 km east of Revelstoke, B.C.?

The Vaux family Mary, George and William Vaux of Philadelphia, PA, first photographed Illecillewaet Glacier in 1887. They photographed Illecillewaet Glacier on their second visit in 1894. They were amazed by how much the glacier had receded in 7- years. The Vaux's returned every year for 10-years to monitor and photograph the glacial recession from a number of fixed locations. 

This was the earliest know glacier research ever performed in North America. 

Illecillewaet Glacier continues to be studied. Interestingly, between 1887 and 1962, the glacier had retreated more than one kilometre. In 1972, it has found to have advanced about 100 meters. 


Champoux, André and C.S.L. Ommanney. 1986. " Evolution of the Illecillewaet Glacier, Glacier National Park, B.C., Using Historical Data, Aerial Photography and Satellite Image Analysis." Annals of Glaciology  8: 31 -33.

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